New project concept-Sweet sorghum for ethanol as well as bio-fuels production

Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench (SBM)] is one of many varieties of sorghum, a cultivar that holds great promise for biofuels production. It has a high sugar content and high yields of biomass per hectare. The sugar content is distilled into bio-ethanol, whilst the biomass is converted to crude bio-oil via a commercially proven thermochemical process. The bio-oil is subsequently hydro-reformed to biodiesel and bio-jetfuel. The hydrogen for hydrotreating is derived from steam reforming the char residue of the thermochemical process and hydrogen separation in a pressure swing adsorption system. This is the smallest of a modular concept, which holds promise as the most efficient conversion of biomass to liqued fuels

Conservatively estimated yields from a rainfed 5000 hectare project are: 10,000 tons of grain to be sold as food, 15 million liters of bio-ethanol for the gasoline pool, and 15 million liters of biodiesel/bio-jetfuel for $ale to oil companies. Annual rainfall requirement from 350-500 mm on marginal lands. No irrigation.

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